Friday, May 22, 2020

Advertising Is Protected By The First Amendment Of The...

Research: False Advertising Advertising is protected by the First Amendment of the United States constitution. Conversely, advertising requires less control from the First Amendment, but requires the majority of control from the government and most importantly, the Federal Trade Commission. The Federal Trade Commission controls the content and images that are being advertised to consumers that seem to be exaggerated or just plain over the top. With that being said, false advertising is one of the biggest rising issues amongst many companies, celebrities, business, and much more. False advertising is when an individual(s) attempt to betray consumers into believing they are purchasing an absolutely amazing product, when in reality, they are†¦show more content†¦The Federal Trade Commission enforces these truth-in-advertising laws, and it applies the same standards no matter where an advertisement appears – in newspapers and magazines, online, in the mail, or on billboards or buses.† The Fede ral Trade Commission does not have one clear definition, but it does explain that companies and services are not allowed to exaggerate their content or images in order to advertise to their consumers to purchase a specific product or service. Again, these advertisements can be seen throughout the media as well as in the public. Another legal definition can be found under the Lanham Act where it is defined as, â€Å"Under Section 43(a) of the Lanham Act, a claim can be made against a defendant for false or misleading advertising. For a claim against a defendant for false advertising, the following elements are met and the plaintiff must show: (1) defendant made false or misleading statements as to his own products (or another’s); (2) actual deception, or at least a tendency to deceive a substantial portion of the intended audience; (3) deception is material in that it is likely to influence purchasing decisions; (4) the advertised goods travel in interstate commerce; and (5) a likelihood of injury to plaintiff. However, the plaintiff does not have to prove actual injury.† The Lanham Act has a more specific and

Friday, May 8, 2020

Comparative Essay Greek Mythology - 1344 Words

Comparative Essay of Persephone in Modern Films Many films in the modern era have taking inspiration from Greek Mythology. Greek Mythology is a good source for script writers because it includes ancient engaging stories which relates to human life. Hence, through the anthropocentrism of myth human feelings, emotions, and philosophical ideas are expressed which can be captivating to the film audience. One of such myths is the myth of Persephone. The re-telling of this usually depicts Persephone with her counterpart, Hades, the God of the underworld, who had an infatuation with her. Per Hesiod, he kidnapped whilst playing in a meadow and brought her to the underworld to be the Queen. Demeter’s, Persephone’s mother, quest to save her†¦show more content†¦Through manipulation and deceit, she voluntarily fell in love with Ares (the false image of Ares, he wanted her to believe). Through this she was bounded to him. Whilst, in the myth, Hades kidnapped Persephone and used deceit manifested in a pomegranate to bou nd Persephone to him. Secondly, both Persephone’s were pulled to the dark side. In the film, Persephone kills her sister, Alexa, for love. Whilst doing so, she states a quote, â€Å"in the instant of danger the courage of his heart sustains him and the steadiness of his mind beareth him out. Forgive me, †¦ the heart wants what the heart wants.† This act of betrayal marked Persephone’s transition to the dark side. Similarly, in the myth Persephone act of leaving her mom Demeter every six months causing winter to the underworld is a transition to the dark side. Lastly, both are submissive characters. In the film, through Persephone is a strong warrior, the scriptwriter chose her being a woman to be her flaw. Just like Persephone in the myth she also had separation anxiety (distress). Her distress was not due her separation from her mother but rather from man. In the moment before her death, she states â€Å"[we Amazonians] were denied one [(a life)] of famil ies and children. Yes, Hippolyta the Amazons are warriors, but we†¦ are women too†. To portray Persephone as a tragic antagonist, the script writers related her to Persephone. Although fierce andShow MoreRelatedKinship and Politics1504 Words   |  7 PagesHow do these texts illustrate the relationship between kinship and politics? In Greek Mythology, the power of right is passed by kinship in generations, and people’s belief in gods leads their life and their acts show gods’ will. In the meanwhile, politics originally indicates certain relationships are between politics and groups of individuals. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Critical State Soil Mechanics Free Essays

string(74) " ratio ofthe dirt is kept the same and is equal to its initial value, ei\." The preparation of the Cam Clay theoretical account in 1958 is possibly the most of import development in modern dirt mechanics. Mechanical belongingss of dirt have been unified elegantly and systematically into the theoretical model of the theoretical account: the critical province dirt mechanics. Since so, many theoretical accounts were developed within the theoretical model of Cam Clay theoretical account and they form theoretical accounts of the Cam Clay household. We will write a custom essay sample on Critical State Soil Mechanics or any similar topic only for you Order Now Two most distinguished characteristics of theoretical accounts of the Cam Clay household are: ( 1 ) the hardening of dirts based on plastic volumetric distortion, and ( 2 ) the being of a critical province of distortion as the concluding failure province. A brief debut of the two characteristics is given in this session, and descriptions of the strengths of dirts based on critical province dirt mechanics is given in the undermentioned subdivision. 7.1.1: Hardening of dirt based on plastic volumetric distortion As seen in the compaction theoretical account illustrated in Fig. 10, whenever the current emphasis goes beyond the historical upper limit emphasis, plastic volumetric distortion occurs and the elastic zone enlarges. The expansion of the elastic zone is seen as the hardening of dirt and is straight linked to the plastic volumetric distortion of the dirt. Consequently, the undermentioned decisions are drawn from indurating mechanism of dirt. The magnitude of plastic volumetric distortion is dependent on the alteration in size of the output surface, but independent of the stress way. All emphasis provinces which have the same accretion of plastic volumetric strain constitute a individual output surface. 7.1.2: Prediction of the being of a critical province of distortion Soil is a frictional stuff. When the emphasis ratio applied on a dirt component additions, dirt will finally make a point, where it has no opposition to further shear distortion. The dirt fails. This is a critical province of distortion. A Critical State of distortion is defined as At a Critical State of distortion, a dirt has no opposition to shear distortion and the dirt can be distorted continuously with its emphasis province and nothingnesss ratio remain unchanged. A critical province of distortion is a concluding failure province. The theoretical model, uniting systematically the mechanical belongingss of dirt into one simple and elegant system under the Cam Clay theoretical account, is referred to as the Critical State Soil Mechanics ( CSSM ) . 7.2: Strength of dirt described in the critical province dirt mechanics The behavior of Fuji sand in triaxial trials is shown in Fig. 12 ( Tatsuoka, 1972 ) . The trials are drained trials. The axial emphasis additions with the restricting emphasis kept changeless. The denseness of the dirt for the three trials varies from really loose to really dense. It is seen that Fuji sand in a really heavy Fuji province has two strengths: a peak strength and a strength as really big shear strain. For the loose sand, the dirt has merely one strength, besides at really big shear strain. It besides appears that the strength as really big shear 0 5 10 15 20 25 Distortional strain ad ( % ) Volumetric strain Cv ( % ) -12 4 0 5 10 15 20 25 Dense =0.52 Loose eaˆz =0.78 Very loose =0.85 Distortional strain ad ( % ) Fig. 12 The shearing behavior of Fuji sand under triaxial compaction trials ( Test informations after Tatsuoka, 1972 ) Shear emphasis ratio two 3.2 2.4 0.8 1.6 0 Dense =0.52 Loose eaˆz =0.78 Very loose =0.85 -4 -8 strain for the three samples are really near and appears to near a alone value as the distortional strain additions. The peak strength and the critical province strength of dirt interpreted by the critical province dirt mechanics are introduced in the followers. 7.2.1 Critical province strength Under shearing ( increasing distortional strain ) , dirt reaches a concluding failure province, the critical province of distortion. At a critical province of distortion: Therefore, a dirt can be distorted with no alteration in its emphasis, and no volumetric plastic distortion. At critical provinces of distortion, dirt has the undermentioned characteristics ( Fig. 13 ) . The shear emphasis ratio c is changeless, denoted by I . There is a alone relationship between the average effectual emphasis paˆ? and nothingnesss ratio vitamin E, irrespective of the initial state of affairs of the dirt or the stress way of the trial. 27 This relationship is additive in the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite, and its gradient is the same as that of ICL in the compaction theoretical account, being e . The features of critical provinces can be represented by the critical province line ( CSL ) in the paˆ? – q infinite and the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite. They are described mathematically as. I · Q = I? ( 46 ) P aˆ? e=eCS a?’I »lnpaˆ? ( 47 ) Critical province shear emphasis ratio M Shear emphasis Q I? CSL Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ ( kPa ) ( a ) CSL in the p’-q infinite The critical province shear emphasis ratio is linked to the concluding failure clash angle ocs of dirt measured from conventional triaxial compress trial by the undermentioned equation I? = 6 wickedness I† cs ( 48 ) 3 a?’sin I† cs The critical province clash angle for most san vitamin D is 32A ° A ± 1A ° , which gives about M = 1.28. Determination of the concluding failure strength of dirts Nothingnesss ratio vitamin E vitamin E CS eIC ( 1 ) Undrained concluding strength of dirt ICL I » CSL I » p’=1 kPa Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ ( kPa ) ( B ) CSL in the e-lnp ‘ infinite Fig. 13 Characteristics of critical province of distortion P aˆ? = exp aZ? aZ? aZY Cesium I a?’ Cs aZ? I » aZ Three parametric quantities define a dirt province. They are the emphasis province on the dirt and its nothingnesss ratio, i.e. , ( paˆ? , Q, vitamin E ) . Because any dirt province at a critical province of distortion must fulfill conditions expressed by equation ( 46 ) and ( 47 ) , the concluding failure province ofa dirt, the critical province of distortion, can be determined if there is one more extra status. Some of common instances are discussed here. During an undrained trial, volumetric distortion is non allowed. Therefore, the nothingnesss ratio ofthe dirt is kept the same and is equal to its initial value, ei. Based on equations ( 46 ) and ( 47 ) , the undrained concluding shear strength qcs, the mean effectual emphasis paˆ?cs, an d the nothingnesss ratio European Union are given by ( 49 ) 28 aZ § aZ†ºe vitamin E aZz Cesium I aZ†º a?’ aZz aZ? aZY aZ? I » aZ aZ?aZ? vitamin E vitamin E Cs aZ? Q = I? exp vitamin E vitamin E Cs I = aZ © aZ? aZ? aZ? ( 2 ) Drained concluding strength for changeless paˆ? trials The average effectual emphasis at the concluding critical failure province is known, paˆ?i, so aZ § aZ?aZ? aZ?aZ © personal computers = pi qcs Ipaˆ?i ( 50 ) ei = eCS a?’ I » ln pi The stress way for this type of trials is a perpendicular line in the paˆ? – Q infinite, as shown in Fig. 4. ( 3 ) Drained concluding strength for changeless Q trials The shear strength at the concluding failure province is known, chi, so I » ln chi aˆ? = Cs P I? qcs = chi = ei European Union a?’ aZ†º Q aZz ( 51 ) I aZ?aZ? I? aZ aZY The stress way for this type of trials is a horizontal line in the paˆ? – Q infinite, as shown in Fig. 4. ( 4 ) Drained concluding strength for trials with additive emphasis waies Suppose the gradient for the additive emphasis way is k, and the initial emphasis province of the dirt is ( paˆ?i, chi ) . Then the dirt province at the concluding failure province can be obtained from work outing the undermentioned equations qcs a?’ chi = k personal computers a?’ pi I?aˆ? P Cs =eCSa?’I »lnp qcs European Union ( 52 ) aZ § aZ? aZ? aZ © aˆ? Cs 29 Two common additive emphasis waies, discussed in subdivision 3.3, are ( 1 ) conventional triaxial compaction trials with the restricting emphasis kept changeless and in this instance k = 3, and ( 2 ) conventional triaxial extension trials with the axial emphasis kept changeless and in this instance k = – 1.5. Example 5 The critical province clash angle for a sand is 32A ° . For its CSL in the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite, the gradient is 0.12 and European Union is 1.42. ( 1 ) Determine the values of M ; ( 2 ) Pull a study of the CSL in the paˆ? – q infinite and the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite ; ( 3 ) Determine the concluding failure strength of a specimen of the sand with initial province as ( paˆ? = 75 kPa, q = 0, vitamin E = 0.85 ) . ( a ) under undrained state of affairs ; ( B ) under a changeless mean effectual emphasis trial ; and ( degree Celsius ) following a stress way with = 2 . dq dpaˆ? A: Determine the values of M 400 800 600 200 0 CSL q=1.29p ‘ Shear emphasis Q kPa 30 100 200 300 400 500 600 Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ kPa Nothingnesss ratioe 0.9 0.7 0.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 CSL e=1.42-0.12lnp ‘ 1 10 100 1000 Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ kPa Oxygen Nothingnesss ratio e n Shear emphasis Q CSL C I? Bacillus A P ‘ ( kPa ) CSL e=eCS -elnpaˆ? Bacillus C Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ ( kPa ) Fig. 14 Variation of dirt strength ( 53 ) 7.2.2 Peak strength As seen in Fig. 12, under shearing dirt at heavy province may make a peak strength ( higher than the critical province strength ) . However, this strength of dirt lessenings with the addition of distortional strain, and becomes indistinguishable to the critical province strength finally. Two characteristics of the peak strength should be noticed. The happening of a strength for dirt greater than the concluding critical province strength ( the extremum strength ) is possible merely if the dirt is under the CSL in the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite ( Fig 14 ) . This is in the â€Å" Dry † side. As named by Schofield and Wroth ( 1968 ) , soil behavior with both peak and critical province strength is â€Å" Dry † behavior. The peak strength is non stable. The minute a peak strength is reached, the strength of dirt will diminish with the farther distortional distortion. An empirical equation proposed by Liu and Carter ( 2002 ) may be used to gauge the peak strength ratio cp of dirt based on its place in the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite = Q P = aˆ? I · P P P 31 ( 1 a?’ I ¦ ) I? for A- lt ; 0 I ¦ , the province parametric quantity, defined by Been and Jefferies ( 1985 ) as I ¦ = vitamin E a?’ vitamin E CS + I » ln p aˆ? ( 54 ) Uniting the above two equations, we obtain q P I · = = + a?’ a?’ aˆ? I? lt ; a?’ I » aˆ? ( vitamin E e P ) vitamin E vitamin E P 1 ln for ln P CS CS ( 55 ) P P aˆ? For A- gt ; 0, there is merely one strength. The peak strength and the critical province strength may be considered as coincident. 7.2.3 Variation of dirt strength in the paˆ? – Q infinite Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard, written in the paˆ? – Q infinite, is given as 32 Q degree Fahrenheit = c + I? MC P aˆ? degree Fahrenheit ( 56 ) This standard is possibly the widely used standard to find the strength of dirts in geotechnical technology pattern. However, it is applicable for dirt conditionally. As shown in Fig. 14, Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard is applicable to dirty in the scope of AB, where the dirt in the â€Å" Dry † side, i.e. , below the CSL. The general strength standard for dirt may be divided into three scopes to analyze. Strength of dirts on the â€Å" Wet † side If a dirt province in the vitamin E – lnpaˆ? infinite is above the CSL, i.e. , A- gt ; 0, the dirt is on the â€Å" Wet † side. Dirts on the â€Å" Wet † side have merely one strength, the concluding critical province strength. The critical province strength of dirts is represented by line BC, and their belongingss are introduced in subdivision 7.2.1. No tensile emphasis line Farinaceous stuffs such as littorals or clays in reconstituted provinces have no echt coherence, and can non prolong a tensile emphasis. The boundary oaˆ?min gt ; 0 in the paˆ? – q infinite is = 3 Q , paˆ? represented by line OA. On the left side of line OA, tensile emphasis occurs. Strength of dirts on the â€Å" Dry † side Merely when dirt on the â€Å" Dry † side, the dirt has a coherence c. The strength of the dirt can depict by equation ( 56 ) , the Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard. Cohesion degree Celsius may be treated as changeless. Clash angle oMC and parametric quantity MMC is related by the undermentioned equation = 6sinoMC ( 57 ) Megahertz I?MC 3 a?’ sino The whole strength envelope OABC is shown in Fig. 14. Two errors are normally made in using the Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard for finding the strength of dirts. The extension of the Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard to the left side of AB and therefore implies dirt has a tensile strength. The extension of the Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard to the right side of AB ( beyond the critical province strength ) . This implies the ultimate clash angle of dirt will go on lessening after the critical province clash angle unlimited with the average effectual emphasis. Terzaghi, the laminitis of modern dirt mechanics, made both errors in widening the pertinence of Don Taylor ‘s experimental information. And I hope you will non do the same error in your technology designs or safety cheque. 33 Example 6 The critical province clash angle for a Leighton Buzzard sand in situ is 31A ° measured from conventional triaxial compaction trials. The strength envelope detected for the sand can be described by Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength standard with c= 40 kPa and oMC = 23A ° . ( 1 ) Determine the values of dirt parametric quantities M for critical province stength and MMC for Mohr-Coulomb ‘s strength ; ( 2 ) Pull the strength envelope of this Leighton Buzzard sand and depict the features of the strength of the sand ; ( 3 ) Discourse the strength of the sand under a drained conventional triaxial compaction trial with the initial emphasis province of the dirt being ( paˆ? = 30 kPa, q = 0, ) . A: Determine dirt parametric quantities M and MMC ; Shear emphasis Q kPa 250 200 150 100 50 0 A 3 ( 30, 0 ) vitamin D 3 0.9 Bacillus 1.24 C 0 50 100 150 200 Mean effectual emphasis P ‘ kPa 34 7.2.4 Residual province strength of clayey dirts After probes on landslides in the late fiftiess, it was found that the shearing opposition of dirt in a figure of instances was much smaller than the â€Å" concluding † critical province strength measured in the research lab. The construct of residuary strength is formed ( Skempton, 1964 ) Residual strength is defined as the shear strength of a dirt that can be mobilised on a polished sliding surface, after it has been formed through the dirt due to the alliance of its Platypoecilus maculatus atoms. For any given dirt it is the minimal strength come-at-able. There are four major facets of the residuary strength, viz. Dirt must hold adequate plate-like atoms so that a smooth slickensided surface can be formed. The skiding surface of well-aligned dirt atoms must be for the residuary strength to be mobilised. The skiding surface of well-aligned Platypoecilus maculatus atoms can ease residuary failure merely along that surface. 4. The residuary sliding surface one time formed is normally non modified by subsequent distortions of comparatively little magnitude. The residuary strength of a dirt is chiefly dependent on the mineralogy of the dirt: the clay fraction. Clay fraction uc defined as the weight of the clay particles less than 0.002 millimeter in size over the entire weight of the dirt sample. uc is defined as I†° = G0.002 ( 58 ) cG Some experimental informations on the fluctuation of the critical province strength and residuary strength with clay fraction is shown In Fig. 15 ( From Skempton, 1984 ) . The undermentioned information can be obtained this information. ( 1 ) For a dirt with a clay fraction less than 25 % the concluding strength is the critical province strength. The strength is independent on clay fraction. Otherwise, the concluding strength of the dirt is its residuary strength. 0 20 40 60 80 10 0 Clash angle ( A ° ) 34 28 22 16 10 4 residuary province critical province Clay fraction ( % ) Fig. 15 Variation of the critical province and residuary province strengths with clay fraction 35 With 50 % gt ; uc gt ; 25 % , both critical province and residuary province strengths vary with clay fraction. With uc gt ; 50 % , critical province and residuary province strengths are different, but remains with any alteration of clay fraction in the scope. The concluding strength of a dirt, expressed as a clash angle, may change from 32A ° to every bit low as 6A ° with the fluctuation of the clay fraction. How to cite Critical State Soil Mechanics, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Essay Example Essay Example

Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Essay Example Paper Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Introduction The intent of this authorship is to show my cognition and apprehension of the term ‘normative development ‘ . I will analyze Daniel ‘s ( kid I carried out my kid survey on ) acquisition and development in relation to my cognition and apprehension of normative development by mentioning to the Early Years Framework Stage ( EYFS ) ( Scots Government, 2010 ) . I will demo grounds of my cognition and apprehension of two theoreticians, in which will associate in some manner to Daniel ‘s acquisition and development. I will demo how I supported and provided suited learning chances for Daniel, by mentioning to all three visits. From this, I will measure and reflect on my ability to make this by utilizing the Pre-Birth to Three Guidance ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) and refer to my ain experience and propose some challenges for staff lovingness for babes in early childhood Centres. Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Body Paragraphs Dryden et Al. ( 2005 ) utters that every kid is a alone person and will develop at different times and in different ways throughout their life. Child development is holistic ; a kid can non hold cognitive development if they do non hold linguistic communication development. When a kid develops, the development does non come on in one country and discontinues in another. ( Doherty and Hughes, 2009 ) ‘Normative development ‘ agencies phases of development that the bulk of kids of that specific age are expected to accomplish. ( Meggit, 2006 ) . I will utilize the ( EYFS ) ( Scots Government, 2008 ) to exemplify Daniel ‘s ( 20 four months old ) phase in larning and development. The EYFS ( Scots Government, 2008 ) suggests that kids aged between 16 and 20 six months are expected to demo marks of utilizing one and two word vocalizations to show simple and more hard messages. Daniel demonstrated this on all three visits, nevertheless was most apparent on visit two when we went to the park. Daniel chiefly used one word vocalizations, such as ‘up ‘ , ‘o ‘ ( travel ) , ‘oggie ‘ ( pooch ) , ‘you ‘ . He endeavoured to utilize two word vocalizations on visit two and three when he said, ‘the H2O ‘ and ‘Nana you ‘ . I took images of playthings and characters from his favorite programmes and set together a book to assist back up Daniel ‘s linguistic communication development. Not merely do kids necessitate to hear linguistic communication being spoken to develop their linguistic communication development but societal interaction is needed besides ( Bruner, 1983 cited in Doherty and Hughes, 2008, p.311 ) . A ‘Language Acquisition Support System ‘ ( LASS ) ( Bruner, 1983 cited in Doherty and Hughes, 2009, p.311 ) is a group of attacks used by parents/carers to farther advance the development of linguistic communication. This attack is where the grownup speaks to the kid at a more advanced degree than the kid is capable of making on their ain ( Doherty and Hughes, 2009 ) . On visit two, Daniel uses his custodies to sprinkle in the puddles and says to myself ‘you ‘ . I used the scaffolding attack and responded by inquiring, ‘Would you like me to utilize my custodies to sprinkle in the puddles with you? ‘ By utilizing the staging attack and inquiring Daniel if he would wish me to fall in him, has helped me measure my pattern by mentioning to one of the four key rules in the Pre-Birth to Three Guidance ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) ‘Respect ‘ . I respected Daniel ‘s wants about what he wanted to make ; he made an informed determination by leting me to attach to him in sprinkling in the puddles. ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) . ‘Responsive attention ‘ is another cardinal rule and is defined as: ‘building close relationships with kids, being observant of them and meaningfully involved with them. ‘ ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010, p.23 ) I was tuned into Daniel ‘s wants by detecting him and reading his signals. By making this, I noticed he was highly engrossed with playing in the puddles. I went over and became involved in what he was making by take parting aboard him. Daniel so presented what most kids of that age are expected to demo between the ages of 16 and 20 six months – marks of looking for ways to acquire attending from others by drawing them into societal interaction. ( Scots Government, 2008 ) Daniel besides demonstrated he could utilize his turning physical abilities to do societal interaction ( Scots Government, 2008 ) by utilizing his custodies and pess to sprinkle in the puddles to obtain my attending. In conformity with the EYFS ( 2008 ) kids aged between 16 and 20 six months are expected to look to others for reactions which test what they know about themselves. ( Scots Government, 2008 ) . This is clear on visit one when Daniel sat on his female parent ‘s articulatio genus, keeping onto her manus, whilst he watched the telecasting. John Bowlby ‘s theory highlighted the significance of the fond regard between kids and their chief defender ( Sayers, 2008 ) . Daniel showed he had a strong fond regard with his female parent. Mary Ainsworth established the ‘strange state of affairs ‘ ( Dryden et al. 2005, p. 78 ) where the babe and female parent are in a room playing, the female parent so leaves the room, go forthing the alien in the room with the babe. The bulk of the clip, this experiment resulted in the kid being discerning and uneasy at their female parent ‘s disappearing. ( Dryden et al. 2005 ) . On visit one, Daniel showed marks of anxiety when his female parent left myself in the room with Daniel as she went to reply the door. Daniel besides displayed on visits two and three that he can: ‘Make picks that involve challenge, when grownups guarantee their safety ‘ ( Scots Government, 2008, p.31 ) . I used Lev Vyostsky ‘s thought of the ‘zone of proximal development ‘ ( ZPD ) ( Pound, 2005, p.40 ) to back up Daniel ‘s acquisition and development in this state of affairs. The ZPD is the infinite between what a kid can make by themselves and what they can make with the support of a individual who is more adept. ( Pound, 2005 ) . On visit two, Daniel indicated he wanted to travel on the mounting frame by stating ‘up ‘ . I assisted Daniel with his permission and ensured his safety by traveling up the mounting frame behind him. Visit three, Daniel besides demonstrated this phase of development when he began to mount up the chute backwards at the swimming baths. I ensured Daniel ‘s safety by patterning how to travel up chute the right manner and by keeping his manus to mount the stairss. I can associate my pattern to the cardinal rule ‘Relationships ‘ in the Pre-Birth to Three Gui dance ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) as I strongly believe a connexion was made between Daniel and I when I helped him mount up the mounting frame on visit two. Besides, on visit three when I modelled and helped him mount the stairss on the chute by keeping his manus. A farther key rule I can associate my pattern to is ‘Responsive attention ‘ ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) because I readily responded to what Daniel wanted to make, I believe Daniel began to swear myself and felt safe and unafraid when I assisted him. ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) As antecedently mentioned, Daniel and his female parent have a strong fond regard. Daniel showed anxiety when he was left in the room with myself on visit one when his female parent went to reply the door. This could be a possible challenge for early childhood practicians working with this age group as Daniel may take a piece settling into baby’s room as his fond regard with his female parent is really strong. It is clear Daniel is still unsure when being left entirely with aliens – myself on visit one. Other members of staff/adults may walk in and out of the room who Daniel do non cognize, which may ensue in him acquiring upset, which once more could dispute practicians. Consulting with Daniel ‘s female parent, she informed me that Daniel has ne’er attended drama group but interacts good with Dion ( Daniel ‘s female parent ‘s friends small miss ) . On visit one Dion came to see Daniel and I observed how they interacted with one another. Before long, Daniel hit Dion because Dion wanted her Wellington boot back. This may be a possible challenge for practicians working with this age group as Daniel does non cognize at this phase how to play with other kids because he has non had the experience. He besides demonstrated aggressive behavior towards Dion which may be a farther challenge for practicians. The grownup to child ratio for under 3s i s one grownup to five kids. Daniel is an lone kid and thrives to derive grownup attending. Daniel ‘s demands are responded to instantly by his household as he is an lone kid, it is certain from visit one if Daniel does non acquire what he wants he will shout. This may be a challenge for practicians as each are responsible for five kids and may happen it hard to react to every kid ‘s demands. It has been said that parents are their kid ‘s chief pedagogue ( Whalley, 2007 ) and is hence highly of import to affect them in their kid ‘s acquisition and development ( Ward, 2009 ) . Throughout the kid survey, I involved Daniel ‘s female parent through initial meetings to discourse Daniel ‘s involvements, general information, his acquisition and development and what my following stairss were in taking this further. Throughout the kid survey I respected and valued the information Daniel ‘s female parent gave me in respects to Daniel. â€Å" For kids to develop successfully and make their full potency, a strong positive relationship between parents, instructors and professional health professionals is indispensable † ( Hobart and Frankel, 2003, p.1 ) A relationship was built between Daniel ‘s female parent and I as we both connected and came to understandings on suited acquisition chances for Daniel. Trust was besides created as Daniel ‘s female parent allowed me to interact and invent appropriate acquisition chances for Daniel ‘s age and phase of development. ( Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2010 ) In decision, Mentions We will write a custom essay sample on Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Essay Example specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Understanding The Concepts Of Normative Development Young People Essay Essay Example specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Doherty, J. Hughes, M. ( 2009 ) Child Development: Theory and Practice 0 -11 England: Pearson Education Limited Dryden, L. et Al. ( 2005 ) Essential Early Years Abington: Hodder Arnold. Hobart, C. Frankel, R J. ( 2003 ) . A Practical Guide to Working with Parents. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes Ltd. Pound, L. ( 2005 ) How Children Learn London: Step Forward Publishing Limited Learning and Teaching Scotland. ( 2010 ) Pre-Birth to Three: Positive Results for Scotland ‘s Children and Families: National Guidance. Glasgow: Learning and Teaching Scotland Scots Government ( 2008 ) Practice Guidance for the Early Years Foundation Stage. Nottingham: Scots Government Ward, U. ( 2009 ) Working with Parents in Early Old ages Settings Exeter: Learning Matters Ltd. Whalley, M and the Pen Green Centre Team. ( 2007 ) Involving Parents in their Children ‘s Learning ( 2nd Edition ) London: Paul Chapman Printing

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Free Essays on Business Paper

The Delegation Process Within Fry’s Food and Drug Stores In order to understand how the managers at Fry’s delegate their authorities to the subordinate employees we must first grasp the definition of delegation. â€Å"Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to a subordinate at a lower level. It requires that the subordinate report back to his or her boss in regard to how effectively the assignment was carried out,†(Bateman and Snell 2003, p250). We now understand that managers must give a job to a subordinate, but we must now focus on the Span of Control within Fry’s Food and Drug at store level as shown in figure one. Figure One Span of Control within Fry’s at store level Delegation Paper 3 The span of control at Fry’s Food and Drug at store level starts with the Store Manger. The Store Manager is the controlling function within Fry’s Food and Drug’s organization. They monitor weekly and monthly progress and loss reports in order to implement necessary changes. The Store Manager delegates all necessary changes to the Assistant Store Manager. The Assistant Store Manger has many important roles within the organization. They act as the organizer, the planner and the leader. This is an important job, because they will build organizations that are flexible and adaptive, particularly in response to competitive threats and customer needs (Bateman and Snell, 2003). The Assistant Store manger must delegate authorities to subordinate managers to ensure that he does not get overwhelmed with responsibility. â€Å"Responsibility means that a person is assigned a task that he or she is supposed to carry out, (Bateman and Snell 2003, p250). The lower level mana gers, General Merchandise Manager, Deli Manager, Front End Manager, Grocery Manager, and the Over Night Manger all take on the responsibilities given by the Assistant Manger. They each will become delegaters within their own departments and ensur... Free Essays on Business Paper Free Essays on Business Paper The Delegation Process Within Fry’s Food and Drug Stores In order to understand how the managers at Fry’s delegate their authorities to the subordinate employees we must first grasp the definition of delegation. â€Å"Delegation is the assignment of authority and responsibility to a subordinate at a lower level. It requires that the subordinate report back to his or her boss in regard to how effectively the assignment was carried out,†(Bateman and Snell 2003, p250). We now understand that managers must give a job to a subordinate, but we must now focus on the Span of Control within Fry’s Food and Drug at store level as shown in figure one. Figure One Span of Control within Fry’s at store level Delegation Paper 3 The span of control at Fry’s Food and Drug at store level starts with the Store Manger. The Store Manager is the controlling function within Fry’s Food and Drug’s organization. They monitor weekly and monthly progress and loss reports in order to implement necessary changes. The Store Manager delegates all necessary changes to the Assistant Store Manager. The Assistant Store Manger has many important roles within the organization. They act as the organizer, the planner and the leader. This is an important job, because they will build organizations that are flexible and adaptive, particularly in response to competitive threats and customer needs (Bateman and Snell, 2003). The Assistant Store manger must delegate authorities to subordinate managers to ensure that he does not get overwhelmed with responsibility. â€Å"Responsibility means that a person is assigned a task that he or she is supposed to carry out, (Bateman and Snell 2003, p250). The lower level mana gers, General Merchandise Manager, Deli Manager, Front End Manager, Grocery Manager, and the Over Night Manger all take on the responsibilities given by the Assistant Manger. They each will become delegaters within their own departments and ensur...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Confident vs. Confidant

Confident vs. Confidant Confident vs. Confidant Confident vs. Confidant By Maeve Maddox A reader declares, One of the grammatical errors Im seeing more and more is confusion between confident and confidant(e) Could you cover that? On the simplest level, several English adjectives that end in -ent are frequently misspelled with an -ant ending, for example: absorbent ambivalent antecedent imminent incumbent independent virulent Writers who misspell confident as confidant may be pronouncing confident correctly, but have merely failed to learn to spell it correctly. Writers who misspell confident as confidante have a tin ear. Confident is pronounced with the stress on the first syllable: CON-fi-dent. The e of the last syllable is the short sound of e, as in rent. The pronunciation of confidant is not so straightforward. Charles Elster notes that the older pronunciation with the stress on the first syllable is still listed in some current dictionaries, but â€Å"is now defunct or close to it.† Modern pronunciation places the stress on the first syllable, but not everyone pronounces the final syllable with the same vowel sound. For example, in the first pronunciation given in both OED and Merriam-Webster, the a in dant has the sound of a in father. In the second pronunciation given in both dictionaries, the a in dant has the short a sound, as in pant. Nevertheless, either pronunciation, â€Å"con-fi-dahnt† or â€Å"con-fi-dant,† provides a clue that confidant is not spelled the same as confident. Confidante is the feminine spelling of confidant (same pronunciation). Some style guides recommend the use of only confidant, on the grounds that the feminine spelling confidante is â€Å"a needless distinction between males and females.† It seems to me that if we are going to spell the noun differently from the adjective, we ought to spell it confidante to make it as different as possible for the spelling-challenged. Before the adjective confident and the noun confidant, we had the verb confide. Confide entered English in the mid-1400s from the Latin verb confidere: to trust in, rely firmly upon, believe. The meaning of the English verb was to trust or have faith.† In the 1700s, confide took on the meaning â€Å"to share a secret with.† The phrase â€Å"to confide in (someone)† came into use in 1888. The adjective confident, â€Å"self-reliant, sure of oneself,† dates from the 1570s. In the early 1600s, confident came to be used as a noun meaning: â€Å"trusty friend or adherent; one in whom one confides; a confidential friend.† This, of course, is the modern meaning of confidant. The pronunciation with the accent on the last syllable [kahn-fee-DAHNT], developed after the 1700s, probably in imitation of the pronunciation of the French words confident and confidente; the spelling confidant followed in order to reflect the different pronunciation. The earliest example in the OED of the spelling confidant for the noun is 1751. The latest example of the spelling confident as a noun is 1867. Since then, the standard spelling of the adjective has been confident, and the spelling confidant has been standard for the noun. English speakers have had 147 years to get the spellings straight. Perhaps the best-known use of the word confidant occurs in the theme song for the television comedy series The Golden Girls: Thank you for being a friend, Travelling down a road and back again. Your heart is true, youre a pal and a confidant. Even if we drop the spelling confidante for â€Å"trusted friend,† confidante remains as a furniture term. A confidante is a piece of furniture that connects two chairs on an s-plan. One friend sits on one side and the other on the opposite side–the perfect setup for whispering. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Math or Maths?English Grammar 101: Verb MoodHow Do You Fare?

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Barriers that must be overcome for Diversity to flourish in an Essay

Barriers that must be overcome for Diversity to flourish in an organization - Essay Example ?the mosaic of people who bring a variety of backgrounds, styles, perspectives, values, and beliefs as assets to the groups and organizations with which they interact.† For the Pillsbury Company, diversity is defined as â€Å"all the way in which we differ.† Kraft Foods Inc. spells out its commitment to diversity in metaphors with which people can identify: â€Å"A stellar meal requires contrasting and complementing textures and tastes. A winning sports team depends of the different talents of its members. A first class orchestra needs many variety of thought, energy, and insight to attain and maintain a competitive edge.† (pp. 25) Diversity, Simmons (2003), refers to variety of difference related to factors such as age, culture, disability, gender, national origin, sexual orientation, socio-economic level or thinking style. In business context diversity includes business background or function. Diversity is a process that corrects inequities and brings fairness and inclusion on all fronts and as broadly defined, carries an inherent benefit for every employee. As Simmons argued, only in this context it is realistic to expect a positive view and an active contribution from every employee. Organization alignment, Simmons continued, is the goal of every culture change process, including diversity. You wont achieve that alignment unless every person can benefit from it. In his book, Johnson (2003, 399-400) explained that in every relationship you decide how to manage the differences between the two of you. Diversity among your acquaintances, classmate, coworkers, neighbors, and friends is increasingly inevitable. Such diversity is an opportunity that can have positive or negative consequences, depending on your engaging in an eight-step program: The first step is to recognize that diversity exists and is a valuable resource. The second step is to build cooperative relationship with diverse individuals. Cooperation promotes a process of acceptance while competitive